SOURCE: American Academy of Pediatrics, news release, April 30, 2016
MONDAY, May 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The more teens see alcohol brands on TV shows, the greater the chances they'll choose those brands, a new study finds.
Researchers looked at alcohol product placement on 10 popular TV shows. They found an average of two placements per episode. Some shows had more than 13 alcohol brand placements per episode, the study noted.
"Given the significant health implications of underage drinking, the Federal Trade Commission needs to place more emphasis on monitoring and limiting alcohol brand placement of alcohol in media," study author Joy Gabrielli said in an American Academy of Pediatrics news release. Gabrielli is a clinical child psychologist at Dartmouth College and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center.
Placements featured a number of brands. Budweiser was the most frequent at 12 percent. Heineken appeared in 7 percent of placements, while Dos Equis was in 6 percent of placements, researchers said.
The researchers then surveyed more than 2,600 teens between the ages of 15 and 20. They asked the teens how much they watched the 10 shows. They also asked the teens about their drinking behavior and favorite alcohol brand. The brands that appeared most often in the shows tended to be the brands preferred by the teens in the study.
Teens who spent more time watching shows with more prominent alcohol brand placement had higher levels of problem drinking, the study revealed.
Tobacco companies haven't been allowed to buy TV show product placement since 2000. But, alcohol makers have been allowed to self-regulate when it comes to product placement, the researchers noted.
"Despite alcohol company reports in a 2012 Federal Trade Commission summary that they pay little for brand placement of their products, highly advertised brands appeared commonly in some TV shows popular with underage youth," Gabrielli said.
"This raises the question of whether companies are accurately reporting such payments to government regulators," she added.
Gabrielli said the current approach to alcohol placements on TV represents a failure of the government to protect children from alcohol industry marketing.
"Parents should be aware that it is highly likely their children will be exposed to alcohol brand placements if they watch TV shows rated TV-PG or higher, and that this could affect their drinking behavior," Gabrielli advised.
The TV ratings system (TV-PG, TV-14, TV-MA) should address the level of alcohol brand placement in each episode, the researchers suggested.
Findings from the study were to be presented Saturday at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Baltimore. Meeting findings are typically viewed as preliminary until they appear in a peer-reviewed journal.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on underage drinking.